Behind every structure in Rome lies the city’s rich culture and history. Known as a world heritage site, Rome has been in famous existence for two and a half thousand years dating back to the time when it was still considered as the strongest in the entire Europe because of the Roman Empire, which was born in this city.
It has also shown significant growth and changes as it first started as a small Italian village at the center of a powerful empire, then as a place where Catholicism was founded, and as the capital of Italy.
It is believed that Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus, the mythical twins. They were said to be abandoned at the Tiber River and raised by a wolf before being found by a shepherd who later on raised them as his own sons.
The city was founded in the 8th century B.C. Even during the early times, Rome has been considered as an important place because of its position. It is located near the Tiber River, which made it the crossroads of trade during the early days. The area’s development started when it was led by Etruscan kings and eventually taking the seat of the Roman Republic. For almost ten centuries, Rome was the wealthiest, most influential, and largest city in the West. In fact, it has a significant dominance over other parts of Europe and Mediterranean Sea. It was also the center of the Catholic Church since the reign of Constantine I.
Rome underwent major changes during the 15th century during the Italian Renaissance. There were churches and bridges built including the St. Peter’s Basilica and Sistine Chapel. It also gained popularity during the 19th century when it went under the French protection. After the French troops abandoned Rome, it became the capital of Italy.
Rome, or also called «Roma», is the capital city of Italy and is the largest and most populated city. It is currently a home to more than 2.7 million people. The place is the third most visited places on Earth. Tourists are attracted to this majestic place because of the evident richness of its history, which can be seen in the monuments, museums, and sculptures in the area.